Understanding Personality and Temperament of Kids

Your child’s unique temperament will influence their personality and how she acts. Learn how to help influence and shape this.

Grumpy toddler

This month, we have been talking about HEP.

On Becoming Toddlerwise talks about HEP–Heredity, Environment, and Personality.

These three things work together to help shape and mold your child into herself. Today’s topic is Personality.

Personality might be the most complicated of the three things.

Heredity is out of your control once your child’s genetic make-up has been formed in the womb. “You cannot alter the hereditary influences on your children, but you can minimize the negative propensities, strengthen areas of weakness, encourage areas of strength, and maximize areas of giftedness” (page 19). 

Environment is largely in your control–especially with a toddler. 

So where does personality fit in?

What Exactly is a Personality?

Toddlerwise defines a “Personality is a composite of three variables: heredity, environment, and temperament” (page 18).

So the genetics and the environment influence the child’s personality.

So does the temperament. “…you cannot change your child’s temperament any more than a leopard can change its spots. You can understand it and cooperate with it, but not alter it” (page 19).

Temperament is why you cannot parent any two children the same way. This is why a parenting book or blog cannot say: Simply control the environment in XYZ way and ABC will happen.

This is why different strategies work for different children.

“You can distinguish between a child’s temperament and his personality by saying that temperament traits are inborn while personality traits are the result of nature and nurture” (page 18). emphasis added

Baby Whisperer Personality Types

Remember Hogg’s five general trait categories? Angel, textbook, touchy, spirited, and grumpy. She calls these Personality Types.

This would be akin to what Toddleriwse is calling temperament. Being aware of temperament is super helpful in parenting your child.

Parenting Temperament

Some children are “easier” than others. Maybe it is specific traits, maybe it is the way that child meshes with the parents. Maybe both. 

Some children are inherently obedient rule-followers. Some are logical. Some are more artistic. Some like to test limits. Some enjoy irritating people. Some are always happy. There are so many traits that a child can have.

“Your child’s personality is greatly shaped by your educational fervency” (page 19).

You teach your child how to behave.

Even a limit-testing child can learn to listen and obey. Is it harder than getting a naturally obedient child to listen and obey? Don’t I know it! I have one of each in my home.

It can take more work and effort to achieve certain things with certain children, but those things are still achievable.

And, happily, most children seem to round-out their difficulties. So one who was hard to get to be a sleeper is a super-obedient child. One who is an awesome sleeper might be a challenge in another department. 

Learn to recognize your child’s temperament and then work with the given genetics and the environment to help your child maximize strengths and improve on weaknesses.


Always remember your child is an individual and will react to life uniquely. Parenting more than one child is definitely an exercise in flexibility as you learn how to best parent each child as an individual.

Related Posts

Personality and temperament of kids