Teach your child independent life skills in 10 steps. Find out why we need to teach life skills, what kind of life skills we should be teaching, and the ten steps to take to help them learn these skills.
My oldest child will graduate from high school in less than two months.
That naturally gets you thinking–is he ready to move out and take care of himself? Can he feed himself? Can he shop? Can he keep his home clean?
I have always been big on having my kids help around the house, and as I sit at this end of parenting, I am SO GLAD that I have been that way.
He is ready. He is ready because he has been helping out around the house since before he could walk.
As our children grow older, they begin to have the capacity for helping with tasks around the house.
This capacity, of course, does not happen just because a child reaches a certain age or gross motor skill level. They have to learn. Helping with tasks must be reached through practice.
Just like practicing an instrument, the initial practicing of chores around the home is often messy and riddled with mistakes.
What Are Life Skills?
A life skill is anything needed to participate in everyday life.
What are the life skills I am talking about that our kids need to learn?
Anything that needs to be done in the home or life as an adult. Picking up toys, helping with dishes, helping with laundry, shopping, making food, gardening, getting ready for the day, and even parenting are all examples of skills your child will need to learn as they grow up.
Teaching life skills is not always easy. In the early days of teaching these skills, it actually creates a lot more work for you!
Someone has to teach the child how to sweep the floor, and that someone will be you. That means time spent to teach. Your child will be neither as proficient nor fast as you are at accomplishing the tasks around the home. It seems much easier to just wait for naptime, independent playtime, or something like television time to do these skills. And it is!
Let me assure you, however, that at some point, your child will begin to contribute in a positive way to necessary tasks.
Your child’s help will move from being less of a burden and more of a help. Your load will be lightened.
This is significant in the harmony of the home.
As children get older, your life as a parent does not become easier. Your time does not become more plentiful, contrary to what we believe (or hope) when we have little ones.
Older children are capable of making larger messes. You likely will have one or more younger children beyond the oldest who need your time and attention. As children get older, they will be involved in activities outside the home. That means you are home for less time in the day. They will also have school needs no matter your method of schooling.
If your kids learn life skills from a young age, you will do less nagging when they are teens. You won’t be hounding them to wake up in the morning or constantly checking on grades or homework.
We Can Teach Life Skills to Young Kids
Our kids can learn young and can do a lot at young ages.
I start my chore lists at age 2. See 12 Chores Your Toddler Can Actually Do for that list.
They start out being novices, but they quickly learn how to be good helpers. Here is an example from ten years ago:
Brayden age seven. There are many things he is able to do to help around the house independently. Two notable things he can do is clean the guest bathroom (most of it–I don’t allow him to clean the toilet yet) and he also can help make rolls for dinner. He can take the risen dough, roll it out, cut it out, shape it, and place it on the pan for cooking.
Kaitlyn age five. She also has many things she can do that are very helpful around the house. One of my favorite things she does is help with laundry. She is great at folding clothes and socks.
McKenna age three. She is still in the stage where most of her “help” is more work than helpful, but I know she will get to the helpful point, as well.
You can see how much help they were able to offer even as very young children!
We Need to Prepare Our Children to Be Adults
Despite the great help that comes when children learn to help around the home, this is not the primary reason we teach our children these skills.
The primary reason is because it is our responsibility as parents to teach our children and prepare them to be adults. We are in charge of teaching our children and preparing them for life.
Adulthood will come faster than you think.
Your child is not going to learn how to cook and clean just because it happens in your home any more than your child will learn to read just because you read in your home. Sure, some kids do all of those things. Most, however, need some instruction.
I compare our need to teach our children to the adage that if you give a man a fish, it feeds him for a day. If you teach a man to fish, you feed him for a lifetime.
As parents, we are in the business of teaching to fish, not simply handing fish out.
We want to teach our children so they can feed themselves for life.
How To Teach Life Skills to Kids
How do you go about teaching children these skills? This is definitely a topic that merits many, many posts–not just one. Let me give a brief idea, however, and then link to some helpful posts that go further in depth on the topic.
- Example: Start by example. For children of all ages, including your babies, do work in front of your child. When Brayden was a baby, we lived in a studio apartment, which meant I didn’t do cleaning while he was napping. I cleaned in front of him. He LOVED to help me clean. He sat on the bed and “helped” me fold laundry. He “helped” me push the vacuum around the house. He held a broom and pushed it around the floor. No matter the age of your children, they will benefit from seeing you clean.
- Explain: Explain what you are doing and why you are doing it. Keep it on your child’s level. This can even be applied to parenting choices. I have always explained to my kids what I am doing and why. My children are learning parenting practices and life hacks from me. Do this the whole time they are growing up!
- Start Simple: As your child gets older and able, have your child help where he can. Have him help clean up after independent playtime. Picking up toys is something children can do from a very young age. Check out my specific chore lists by age to know what you can reasonably expect from your child.
- Keep it Small and Direct: Give your child manageable tasks. Give your child specific directions. To tell a child to go into a room and “clean it” is highly overwhelming. Instead, tell the child to pick up the books. Once those are all cleaned up, move on to another category, like the stuffed animals. This makes the task manageable As adults, we make tasks manageable in our heads as we organize how to go about cleaning–children need help in doing this.
- Praise: Praise your child for helping. Focus on efforts, “Wow! You worked so hard to make your bed!” Also point out the atmosphere you feel when things are clean, “I love when the room is all clean. I feel peaceful inside. Thank you for cleaning it up!”
- Teach Your Child: Your child may have observed you sweep the floor or clean the bathroom, but that doesn’t mean she is an expert on it. Take the time to teach her how to do this. Demonstrate as you verbalize what you are doing. Have her practice and explain what she is doing. A tip I would give you is to have teaching sessions be one-on-one with your child. If I am teaching my child to cook, I find it easiest to do if I am one-on-one with that one child. We have times when we all cook at the same time together, but times I am teaching the skill, I keep it just me and the child.
- Allow Practice: Have your child practice cleaning and doing other skills. That means they need to do it. Balance praise for the effort done with pointing out where improvement can be made.
- Allow Mistakes: Your child will not do as good of a job as you do when cleaning or cooking. Your child’s bed will be lumpy after he makes it. A recipe might get messed up. The laundry won’t be folded as well as you would like it. Allow for these mistakes–let your child’s best effort be enough. It is very deflating to have someone come behind you and fix your best efforts.
- Have Patience: Have patience as your child learns and practices. With time, you will one day realize that your child is actually quite helpful. And that means your child will be able to do things for herself, her current family, and her future family.
- Be Consistent: Have a chore routine in your home. Set up situations that provide practice. Have family policies. When are chores to be done? What time of day? How many days a week? Make this work part of the routine. For maintaining consistency, chore charts are very helpful. See Chore Cards, Chore Jar, Morning Routine Cards, and Chore Wheel for ideas.
When you start to teach life skills from a young age, you can really take things slowly and without stress. Take simple steps to teach your kiddos how to be independent and be prepared for life skills.
- Book Review: The Parenting Breakthrough
- How to Raise a Child Who is a “Good Helper”
- How To Make a Parenting Roadmap
- Long-Term Goals You Should Set as a Parent
- Your Roadmap to Teaching Kids Self-Sufficiency
- 5 Ways to Make Work Fun for Kids
- Chores for Kids Provide More than Just Economic Value
This post originally appeared on this blog March 2013